As Standish, Windham and Gorham, Maine’s best family dentistry, we strive to provide as many dental treatments     as possible.  Periodontics, a field of dentistry that focuses on the bone and gums surrounding the tooth is another area of expertise for our skilled doctors. Here is everything you need to know about periodontics, gum disease, and prevention.

What Causes Periodontal Infections

Periodontal disease, more often referred to as gum disease, starts when the gums become inflamed from bacteria in plaque. Even though the build up of plaque can be the result of infrequent visits to the dentist and poor oral hygiene habits, other factors can attribute to the health og your gums and bone, such as:

  • Tobacco products
  • Stress
  • Genetics
  • Pregnancy
  • Certain medications
  • Diabetes
  • Poor nutrition

What To Look Out For

Gingivitis, one of the more mild forms of gum disease, is also the most common form. With gingivitis, gums become red, swell, and bleed easily. You may not actually experience any discomfort at this stage. Practicing good oral hygiene can prevent and reverse gingivitis.

Periodontitis, a more severe form of gum disease has much more serious side effects. Periodontitis can cause rapid bone deterioration and attachment loss, but can be recognized by gum recession and pocket formation.

Treatment & Prevention

Brush, floss, and see your dentist every 6 months and you will stand a very good chance of preventing periodontal disease from occurring. If you have or get periodontal disease, periodontal surgery may be recommended. In cases where a tooth has been lost, dental implants are always a viable option for natural teeth replacement.

Stay Free Of Gum Disease visit Standish Family Dental Health for a cleaning and checkup!